Male fertility changes throughout life, beginning at puberty and extending beyond age 50, depending on how healthy the male is; However, the quantity and quality of sperm a man produces decreases over the years, as does the ability to fertilize an egg, so a male fertility check is necessary when you have problems conceiving.
What Is the Male Fertility Test?
The evaluation of male fertility should begin with the consultation of a specialist, urologist, or human reproduction specialist. During the consultation, an interview is carried out in which family history, medical and reproductive history, taking medications, contact with poison, diet, exercise, work habits, lifestyle, addictions, frequency of sexual intercourse, or problems of erection are assessed.
Subsequently, the testicles should be examined, their size, location, and presence of pathologies such as varicose veins in the testicles, also called “varicocele.” It is important to note that 30% of infertility cases are due to male factors, 20% to mixed causes, and 20% to unknown causes.
Varicocele is an anomaly that presents itself in the form of varicose veins and dilatation in the veins of the spermatic cord. It is one of the leading causes of male infertility. During the examination of the testicles, an ultrasound scan will likely be performed to determine the presence and grade of the varicocele.
To determine how healthy a man is in relation to his quality of sperm, it is necessary to do male fertility tests, especially when they are undergoing fertility treatments since a man naturally produces sperm every 72 days. The usual male fertility test is direct spermatobioscopy (also known as a seminogram or spermiogram). In some cases, in addition to this study, it is necessary to know the levels of the hormones FSH and testosterone.
Who Is the Male Fertility Test Recommended For?
The male fertility test is recommended for men who have varicoceles and want to monitor their sperm quality, and their ability to become parents naturally is not affected. It is recommended that this test be carried out annually in the same laboratory. On the other hand, this test is recommended for patients who have decided to have a vasectomy and want to confirm that there is no sperm production after one month.
It is also recommended to patients who will undergo chemotherapy procedures, and their sperm quality may be decreased. These patients are advised to freeze one or more semen samples before undergoing chemotherapy treatments to maintain good quality samples that can be used in artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization procedures after undergoing cancer treatment. Look for the right facility for a successful test procedure.